Video answer: The silk road: connecting the ancient world through trade - shannon harris castelo
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Porcelain, one of the many secrets of China, became a coveted trading item along the silk roads starting in Han China (25-220 AD). "Since ancient times, porcelain has been considered China's fifth great invention — the others being the compass, gun powder, movable type, and paper" (Yuanyuan).
Video answer: The silk road and ancient trade: crash course world history #9
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Porcelain, one of the many secrets of China, became a coveted trading item along the silk roads starting in Han China (25-220 AD). “Since ancient times, porcelain has been considered China’s fifth great invention — the others being the compass, gun powder, movable type, and paper” (Yuanyuan). How did the ancient Chinese make porcelain?
By: Three Chinese Export Porcelain Dishes, Kangxi Period. Although trade between the East and West goes back thousands of years to the treacherous land crossing called the Silk Road, by the 16th century countries were establishing less dangerous and more profitable sea routes for important trade between Asia and Europe.
However, once the trade routes were closed by the Mongol invasion, the Song used the ships along the Maritime Silk Road to export their goods. See The History of Silk Road — Routes and Chronology Porcelain
Porcelain is a material made from well-chosen porcelain clay or pottery stone through technological processes like proportioning, molding, drying and firing. Although porcelain developed from pottery, the two are different in raw material, glaze and firing temperature; compared with pottery, porcelain has tougher texture, more transparent body and finer luster.
Along with silk and gold, porcelain was one of the most popular and valuable commodities traded on the ancient Silk Road. It was a luxury item that only wealthy people could afford to consume ...
Porcelain was made with kaolin clay, a substance unique to China in this period, which was found near Jingdezhen, a great ceramic-producing city. When fired at an extremely high temperature, kaolin clay transformed into a very fine, hard, semi-translucent white ceramic that local collectors coveted and remained in high demand as a trade object.
The Guardian. Why ceramics trade on Silk Roads important to Chinese civilisation. The Silk Road" is an ancient overland trade route that connects China with Europe. Originally a caravan route and used from c. 100 BC, 6,400-km route began in Xi'an, China, followed the Great Wall to the northwest,
What products were traded on the Silk Road? Besides silk, the Chinese also exported (sold) teas, salt, sugar, porcelain, and spices. Most of what was traded was expensive luxury goods. This was because it was a long trip and merchants didn’t have a lot of room for goods.
However the technique didn't get developed fully until the Song (960 - 1279) or Ming (1368 - 1644). State kilns produced vast quantities of porcelain goods for trade. Longquan kiln in Zhejiang province could fire 20,000 to 25,000 pots at ocne. Porcelain was introduced to Central Asia via the Silk Road during the 9th century.
An abundance of goods traveled along the Silk Road. Merchants carried silk from China to Europe, where it dressed royalty and wealthy patrons. Other favorite commodities from Asia included jade and other precious stones, porcelain, tea, and spices. In exchange, horses, glassware, textile s, and manufactured goods traveled eastward.